A headache sufferer
Headaches are one of the most common problems and can be triggered by a range of things including stress, tiredness, lack of physical exercise and poor diet1.
Headaches can be brought on by lots of different things including strong smells such as paint and loud noises1. If you live with someone who suffers from regular headaches knowing what can trigger or contribute to the onset can help manage their condition or even reduce the number of headaches they have.
A migraine sufferer
Although there is no cure for migraine, there are things you can do to help minimise the symptoms2. Some help to stop a migraine, while others prevent it from forming in the first place. Keeping a record of symptoms and which behaviours affect migraines will help to determine the best course of action for each individual1.
Stress and anxiety can be a trigger for headaches and migraines2,3. Relaxation techniques can often help with stress-related headaches and migraines. These may include; yoga, massage and exercise. For tension headaches this may also include applying a cool flannel to your forehead or a warm flannel to the back of your neck3.
Alcoholic drinks can trigger headaches in some people and it is not always the alcohol that triggers the headaches4. For example, it is fairly common for people to be sensitive to some of the chemicals in red wine and beer, such as ethanol4. Limiting your intake of caffeine and ensuring you stay well hydrated may also help reduce the risk of experiencing migraines2.
Keep on movin’
Headaches and migraines may be prevented by keeping active2,3. If possible, encourage at least 30 minutes exercise, five days each week.5
Time for bed
Both a lack of sleep and too much sleep can trigger a migraine or tension headache2,3. So try to encourage a regular sleep pattern, where bedtime is at the same time every day.
Your head, neck, and shoulder muscles can be strained through poor posture, such as sitting at a computer all day, leading to a migraine or headache. Maintaining a good posture may reduce the frequency of migraines and tension headaches2,3.
Sleeping or lying in a darkened room can be the best thing to do when having a migraine attack2.
2.3 https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/migraine/ https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/tension-headaches/